Using and creating debug flags
This tutorial is intended to show you the correct use of debug statements in SWEB. After a quick usage demonstration, we will create a new debug flag ourselves.
Use of debug flags
Apart from using GDB for SWEB debugging, a debug macro can used. It allows you to output any
printf()-like character sequence to the emulator console. As you can see from the basic SWEB a plentitude of debug messages is printed. In order to better distinguish between the various messages, debug flags have been introduced. Thereby you can not only hide certain unwanted debug output but you are also able to print related debug messages within a common debug flag (group).
To make use of the
debug() function, you first need to include its header file:
Now, assuming that you want to print a message using the debug flag
SYSCALL you would simply write it this way:
uint32 test_value = 42; debug(SYSCALL, "Telling you the answer: %d\n", test_value);
On execution of your debug statement, you will see a colorized output in the emulator console:
[SYSCALL ]Telling you the answer: 42
Creating a new debug flag
If you want your own debug flag, you will have to edit two files which are handling all available flags.
Basically, all flags are handled in the file
common/include/console/debug.h. They are organized in groups and can be enabled or disabled by or-ing a special flag named
OUTPUT_ENABLED. Each flag has a color in which it is printed in the debug console, you can add new colors in the enum
AnsiColor and use them in your custom flags. It remains your personal preference how you would like to assign colors to the flags.
For demonstration purposes, we will add a flag named
SEMAPHORE. Therefore, open
debug.h and add the flag at the last lines of the file:
const size_t SEMAPHORE = Ansi_Yellow | OUTPUT_ENABLED;. As already mentioned, the or-ing of
OUTPUT_ENABLED causes a debug flag to be actually printed.
In the following, you are given an overview of the available color codes (default background and text color according to your shell (probably black and a light grey):
In case you want to disable colorful messages at all, add the following definition to the top of
Finally, we want to encourage you to limit the amount of debug messages to a reasonable size. If you print absolutely everything you are running into the risk of overseeing messages that are really useful for your problem diagnosis. To avoid that, deactivate all flags which are not needed to find the bug you are searching for.